The macula is the small central part of the retina, nerve tissue at the back of your eye essential to your vision. A diagnosis of macular degeneration means that the macula is wearing down. While macular degeneration can cause severe vision problems, it usually does not cause complete blindness. The most common type is age-related and occurs in patients over 60, but some types of macular degeneration can occur in children or young adults.
The dry form of macular degeneration leads to yellow deposits in the macula, affecting the patient’s central vision. The less common wet form of macular degeneration is caused by blood vessels growing underneath the macula and leaking blood into other parts of the eye, distorting your vision.
Although there is no absolute cure for macular degeneration, there are a variety of treatment options which can slow the disease down and even regain some lost visual acuity. Treatments range from pharmaceuticals to laser therapy and more. With early diagnosis and the care of your Total Vision optometrist, you can decide upon the best possible treatments for your needs and situation.